- A U.S. District Court makes a final judgement on the complaint against
IBM filed in January 1952 regarding monopolistic practices. A "consent
decree" is signed by IBM, placing limitations on how IBM conducts business
with respect to "electronic data processing machines".
- The first transistorized computer is completed, the TX-O (Transistorized
Experimental computer), at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
- The Nobel Prize in physics is awarded to John Bardeen, Walter Brattain,
and William Shockley for their work on the transistor.