- Intel ships copies of the 4004 microprocessor to Busicom.
- Gary Boone, of Texas Instruments, files a patent application relating
to a single-chip computer.
- Intel introduces its 4-bit bus, 108-KHz 4004 chip - the first microprocessor.
Initial price is US$200. Speed is 60,000 operations per second. It uses
2300 transistors, based on 10-micron technology. It can address 640 bytes.
Documentation manuals were written by Adam Osborne. The die for the chip
measures 3x4 mm.
- Intel announces the first microcomputer, the MCS-4 system. It uses
the 4004 microprocessor, 4001 ROM chip, 4002 RAM chip, and 4003 shift
- (summer) Steve Wozniak and Bill Fernandez build a computer with lights
and switches, from parts rejected by local companies. They call it the
Cream Soda Computer.
- (fall) Electronic News publishes an ad from Intel promoting the 4004
- Intel renegotiates its contract with ETI, gaining Intel the right to
market the 4004 microprocessor openly.
- The National Radio Institute introduces the first computer kit, for
- The Kenback Corporation introduces the Kenback-1 computer, for US$750.
It uses a 1KB MOS memory made by Intel.
- Niklaus Wirth invents the Pascal programming language.
- IBM introduces the "memory disk", or "floppy disk", an 8-inch floppy
plastic disk coated with iron oxide.
- Wang Laboratories introduces the Wang 1200 word processor system.
- Intel introduces the 1101 chip, a 256-bit programmable memory, and
the 1701 chip, a 256-byte erasable read-only memory (EROM).