- Apple Computer releases its first Ethernet networking product, the
EtherTalk NB Card for NuBus equipped Macintosh computers.
- Impulse releases Turbo Silver 3.0 for the Amiga.
- Spectrum Holobyte introduces Tetris for the PC, the first entertainment
software imported from the Soviet Union.
- Apple Computer ships A/UX for the Macintosh II, Apple Computer's combination
of the Mac interface with UNIX.
- Compaq Computer reports sales for the year reach US$1.2 billion, setting
the record as the fastest company to reach that mark.
- Apple Computer sues Microsoft and Hewlett-Packard for copyright infringement
regarding Microsoft's Windows 2.03, Hewlett-Packard's NewWave, and the
- The Open Software Foundation is founded.
- Tandy announces the Tandy 5000MC, using IBM's MCA bus.
- Dell announces its first PC using IBM's MCA bus.
- Olivetti announces its first PC using IBM's MCA bus.
- Intel introduces the 25-MHz 80386DX microprocessor. Speed is 8.5 MIPS.
- Motorola unveils the 88000 processor.
- Weitek introduces the Weitek 3167 math coprocessor chip as an enhancement
to Intel's 386 CPU. The 3167 is a single chip equivalent to Weitek's earlier
1167 circuit board coprocessor.
- WordPerfect ships WordPerfect 5.0 for US$500.
- Microsoft releases Microsoft Excel 1.5 for the Macintosh.
- Lotus Development ships the four millionth copy of Lotus 1-2-3.
- Apple Computer contracts with Quantum Computer Services to create the
AppleLink - Personal Edition (later renamed America Online).
- Lotus Development ceases production of Lotus Jazz.
- An article in the American Journal of Industrial Medicine reports that
pregnant women who worked with computer screens for more than 20 hours
per week were 80% more likely to suffer miscarriage than women who did
not use VDTs.
- IBM announces the PS/2 Model 70, as 16-, 20-, and 25-MHz 80386 systems.
- Microsoft ships Windows 2.1 as Windows/286 and Windows/386.
- Microsoft releases MS-DOS 4.0, including a graphical/mouse interface.
- Intel introduces the 16-MHz 80386SX microprocessor, like the 80386
but with a 16-bit data bus. Price is US$219 each, in quantities of 100.
Speed is 2.5 MIPS.
- Lotus Development ships Agenda.
- IBM ships OS/2 Extended Edition 1.0.
- IBM ships DOS 4.0. It adds a shell menu interface and support for hard
disk partitions over 32 MB.
- Apple Computer introduces the Apple IIc Plus for US$1100.
- IBM introduces the IBM PS/2 Model 30 286, using the AT-bus. It features
a 10-MHz 286, 512KB RAM, VGA, and 20MB hard drive.
- Claris releases AppleWorks 2.1.
- 61 companies support the formation of the Extended Industry Standard
Architecture (EISA). Companies include Compaq Computer, AST, Epson, Hewlett-Packard,
NEC Technologies, Olivetti, Tandy, Wyse, Zenith, Microsoft.
- Apple Computer introduces the Macintosh IIx computer, using Motorola's
16-MHz 68030 and 68882 processors. Base price is US$7770 with a 1.4 MB
SuperDrive floppy drive, and 4 MB RAM, or US$9200 including an 80 MB hard
- Apple Computer releases GS/OS, a 16-bit operating system for the Apple
- SPEC is formed, with the aim of producing a benchmark based on a standard
set of real-life applications programs.
- Tandy ships the first MCA-bus-based clone PC, the Tandy 5000 MC.
- Compaq Computer introduces its first laptop PC with VGA graphics, the
Compaq SLT/286. It has a 12-MHz 286, 640KB RAM, 20-40MB hard drive, 3.5-inch
disk drive, and built-in 10-inch grayscale LCD VGA screen. Price is up
- Ashton-Tate releases dBase IV for MS-DOS.
- Microsoft releases QuickBASIC 4.5.
- Symantec ships Q&A for OS/2.
- Apple Computer and Quantum Computer Services launch the AppleLink Personal
Edition computer network.
- Microsoft and IBM ship OS/2 1.1 Standard Edition with Presentation
- Microsoft releases OS/2 LAN Manager for networked PCs.
- Steve Jobs of NeXT Inc. unveils the first NeXT computer, at the Davis
Symphony Hall in San Francisco. For US$6500, it features: 25-MHz Motorola
68030 processor and 68882 math coprocessor, 8MB RAM, 17-inch monochrome
monitor, 256MB read/write magneto-optical drive, and true object-oriented
NextStep operating system.
- ReadySoft demonstrates its AMAX Macintosh emulator for the Amiga at
the World of Commodore show.
- Ashton-Tate sues Fox Software and Santa Cruz Operations for infringing
copyrights on the dBase language.
- The Ami word processor for Windows is released.
- Microsoft releases MS-DOS 4.01.
- Byte by Byte releases Sculpt Animate 4-D for the Amiga.
- Commodore announces the A2286D Bridgeboard for the Amiga 2000. The
A2286D contains an 8-MHz Intel 80286 and a 1.2 MB 5 1/4-inch disk drive.
- Apple Computer pays AT&T Microelectronics to develop a low-power,
second-generation version of AT&T's C-machine Reduced Instruction
Set Processor (CRISP), for use in Apple Computer's pen-based system.
- Aldus has a prototype of Flintstone running, a word processing package
- Researchers at Apple Computer begin investigating using Acorn Computer's
Acorn RISC Machine microprocessor in future Apple Computer products.
- Microsoft's Bill Gates shows Aldus' Paul Brainerd a prototype of Word
for Windows. Brainerd decides to cancel Aldus' Flintstone word processor
- Ventura Publisher 2.0 for DOS is released. Price: US$895.
- Solbourne Computer Incorporated is the first vendor to produce a Sun-compatible
- Compaq Computer and other companies form the "Gang of Nine", to improve
on the AT-bus, rather than take IBM's approach of abandoning it.
- Digital Research transforms CP/M into DR DOS.
- Toshiba introduces the T1600 16-MHz 286 portable.
- Digital Equipment and Apple Computer agree to integrate Macintosh and
- Intel ships the i960KB, a quasi-RISC processor.
- Digital Equipment begins development of a 64-bit microprocessor. The
chip will debut as the 150-MHz Alpha 21064 in 1992.
- Ashton-Tate releases the Full Impact spreadsheet program for the Macintosh.
- ComputerLand co-founder John Martin files for Chapter 11 bankruptcy,
claiming US$1.6 bilion in debts.
- Quote from Intel General Manager Richard Bader: "The market is confusing,
although it provides us with some sort of job security."
- Quote from WordPerfect CEO and President Alan Ashton: "If we continue
to be solid, careful, and flexible, and give good service, it'll be pretty
hard for someone to uproot us, unless we become too proud".
- Quote from IBM Chairman John Akers: "We're trying to change the habits
of an awful lot of people. That won't happen overnight, but it will bloody
- AutoDesk buys Xanadu Operating Company.
- Quote from Compaq Computer President and CEO Rod Canion: "If people
are going to buy Micro Channel, they're going to buy it from IBM."
- The bus standard used on IBM AT compatibles is given the name Industry
Standard Architecture (ISA).
- W.H. Sim founds Creative Labs, Inc., in California, USA, a subsidiary
of Creative Technology.
- Atari sues Nintendo, accusing it of engaging in monopolistic practices.
- U.S. Robotics introduces the Courier Dual Standard modem, supporting
both v.32 and HST protocols, and the Courier v.32 modem. Prices are US$1600
and US$1500, respectively.
- Tandy announces Thor CD, an erasable compact disk system for music,
video, or data.
- Hewlett-Packard introduces the HP DeskJet inkjet printer. Price: US$1000.
- Tandy acquires GRiD Systems.
- Adobe ships Adobe Illustrator 88 for the Macintosh.
- Aldus ships Aldus FreeHand for the Macintosh.
- Novell ships NetWare for the Macintosh.
- NEC Technologies introduces the 4.2-pound NEC UltraLite laptop PC,
the first "subnotebook". It features a stylus for input, and handwriting
- Ashton-Tate releases Framework III.
- Syquest introduces its SyQuest storage cartridge system to the Macintosh
- Microsoft's Bill Gates gives a special sneak preview of Microsoft Word
3.0 to several hundred Apple Macintosh computer users, in an auditorium
in Ann Arbor, Michigan.